Tuesday, 12 December 2017

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Apply SSL certificate in Nginx

Run your Website over https

Https is a protocol which is used for secure communication over internet. Here we will learn how to make our own website to run over https protocol.


  • Public IP or Domain name of the server
  • Sudo privileges on the server
  • Nginx installed

1. Either purchase the CA signed certificate from third parties like Godaddy, Bigrock etc or Create our own self signed certificate.

CA signed certificate will work normally as other htpps site works, but in self signed certificate, you will get exception like this:

So do not apply self signed certificate in production, as it will give above error to your users. It is proper for internal environment only.

To create self signed certificate, follow the below steps:
  1. Create a directory, where you will put our certificates.

    sudo mkdir -p /etc/ssl/certs

  2. Now, move into this directory

    cd /etc/ssl/certs

  3. Create SSL certificate

    sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout nginx.key -out nginx.crt

    This command will ask you certain questions like:

    Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:IN
    State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:MH
    Locality Name (eg, city) []:Mumbai
    Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:XYZ, Inc.
    Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:ABC
    Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:your_domain.com
    Email Address []:admin@dfg.com

    Be careful, while providing, Common Name for your certificate, as it certificate will work for that Common Name only. You can provide IP or domain name here. If you want to create single certificate for all your sub domains then you can put entry like "*.your_domain.com". Certificate created with this domain name will be valid for all your subdomains that has domain your_domain.com

  4. Above command will generate two files:
    1. Key file (nginx.key)
    2 SSL certificate (nginx.crt)

    Note: As, we specified "-days 365", this certificate will be valid till 365 days from the date of creation.

    Now, we have our self signed certificate.

  5. Now, configure our Nginx configuration file. You must have "Server" block inside your nginx file as below:

    server {
            listen 80 default_server;
            listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;
            server_name your_domain.com;
            root /usr/share/nginx/html;

    We need to add some extra configuration lines, as below:

    server {
            listen 80 default_server;
            listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;
            listen 443 ssl;
            root /usr/share/nginx/html;
            server_name your_domain.com;
            ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt;
            ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.key;

    Save this configuration, and restart the nginx.

    sudo service nginx restart

    Now, try to access your domain over https. It will work! Thanks.

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Monday, 20 November 2017

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How To Make A Chrome Extension From Scratch

Creating A Chrome Extension To Show Notification

If you are a chrome user then you must have seen some cool chrome extension which are very useful in daily life but did you ever wondered, how they are build? Are you curios to know? If yes, then this post if for you to get started on how to write your own chrome extension.

Here we will be building a chrome extension to show a popup which will have a button and on the click of which a notification will appear.

video Tutorial:

The basic structure of our application looks like following:

  • Manifest file (manifest.json) - It is the main component of chrome extension. It includes information about versioning, permissions, and other useful metadata for extension. It should be placed in the root of project folder. 
  • popup page ( popup.html) - This page will open up a popup on clicking the extension icon. The popup will have a button clicking on which will show a notification. 
  • popup javascript file (popup.js) - The javascript file which contains the logic of showing notification on the click of button in popup. 
  • Favicon image (appychip.png) - An Image to be displayed on the chrome extension bar


 "name": "myextension",
 "description": "Extension to show notification",
 "version": "1.0",

 "content_security_policy":"script-src 'self'; object-src 'self'",

 "browser_action": {
  "default_popup": "popup.html",
  "default_icon": "appychip.png"
 "permissions": ["notifications", "tabs"]


<!-- popup.html -->

 <script src="popup.js"></script>
  Hey there!!!
  <input type="button" id="show" value="show notification"/>


// popup.js

document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {
    var show = document.getElementById('show');
    // onClick's logic below:
    show.addEventListener('click', function() {

 // Let's check if the browser supports notifications
 if (!("Notification" in window)) {
   alert("This browser does not support desktop notification");

 // Let's check if the user is okay to get some notification
 else if (Notification.permission === "granted") {
   // If it's okay let's create a notification
   var notification = new Notification("Hi there!");

 // Otherwise, we need to ask the user for permission
 // Note, Chrome does not implement the permission static property
 // So we have to check for NOT 'denied' instead of 'default'
 else if (Notification.permission !== 'denied') {
   Notification.requestPermission(function (permission) {

       // Whatever the user answers, we make sure we store the information
       if(!('permission' in Notification)) {
         Notification.permission = permission;

       // If the user is okay, let's create a notification
       if (permission === "granted") {
         var notification = new Notification("Hi there!");



Steps To Install Extension:

  • Visit chrome://extensions in your chrome browser and click on "load unpacked extension"
  • Select project directory of chrome extension and the extension must be visible now as shown below:
  • Open a new tab (preferably with url example.com). The favicon must be visible by now chrome extension bar.
  • Click on the favicon. This will open a popup which will have button and clicking on which will display notification.

This is how the notification looks. You can beatify the popup and notification and also do some cool stuff like accessing API to fetch data and display it.
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Saturday, 18 November 2017

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Multi Line Commenting in Vim

Comment and Uncomment Multiple lines in Vim

As we know, Vim is very powerful command line editor. Lets learn how to comment/uncomment multiple lines in one go using Vim shortcuts.

To comment the multiple lines:

  1. Press Control+v to activate Visual Block mode.
  2. Select the lines, you want to comment by pressing up and down keys. (It will look like one word selected on each line, but it does not matter)
  3. Now press Shift+i that is capital i to enter in INSERT mode.
  4. Now type the comment character according the code language for example (#, %)
  5. Now press esc. The comment character will appear on each line, you selected.
Hurray! we learnt multi line commenting in Vim. Lets learn multi line uncommenting in Vim now.

To uncomment the multiple lines:

  1. Press Control+v to activate Visual Block mode.
  2. Select the character, you want to remove to uncomment the lines, by pressing up and down keys.
  3. Press d button to delete that character.
Awesome! We uncommented the multiple lines in one go.

Keep Learning, Keep Sharing!
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Monday, 13 November 2017

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error authorizing context: authorization token required | unauthorized: HTTP Basic: Access denied | gitlab

Docker login succeed but Docker push giving error "unauthorized: HTTP Basic: Access denied"

If you are getting the following error while pushing docker image to gitlab registry then try to check the ".crt" file and ".key" file in "gitlab.rb".

Error while pushing image:

unauthorized: HTTP Basic: Access denied

Error in Gitlab (/var/log/gitlab/registry/current)

level=warning msg="error authorizing context: authorization token required" environment=production go.version=go1.8.1

check if you have the following things correctly in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb file

# Change the external_url to the address your users will type in their browser
external_url 'https://myrepo.xyz.com'
nginx['redirect_http_to_https'] = true
registry_external_url 'https://registry.xyz.com'
registry_nginx['ssl_certificate'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/registry.xyz.com.crt"
registry_nginx['ssl_certificate_key'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/registry.xyz.com.key"

Make sure the .crt file and .key file exists on the path specified here in gitlab.rb if not make the changes and restart gitlab with - "sudo gitlab-ctl restart"
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Sunday, 12 November 2017

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Set Title To Display Bcash Price On Koinex

How To Set Title of Koinex to Display BCASH current price

You must be watching BCash price as its going really crazy these days. But every time you need to switch to koinex website to see BCash current price.
Rahul Sagore created a javascript snippet which you can run in your developer console and the BCash price would come up on the title bar.

Here is where to put the snippet

Here is the snippet:

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Saturday, 11 November 2017

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Permission Denied While Connecting To Docker Daemon | Jenkins Job To Build Docker Image

Add Jenkins User To Docker Group

Solved : Warning: failed to get default registry endpoint from daemon (Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket at unix:///var/run/docker.sock:

Full Error Message:

Warning: failed to get default registry endpoint from daemon (Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket at unix:///var/run/docker.sock: Get http://%2Fvar%2Frun%2Fdocker.sock/v1.30/info: dial unix /var/run/docker.sock: connect: permission denied). Using system default: https://index.docker.io/v1/ Got permission denied while trying to connect to the Docker daemon socket at unix:///var/run/docker.sock: Post http://%2Fvar%2Frun%2Fdocker.sock/v1.30/images/create?fromImage=node&tag=boron: dial unix /var/run/docker.sock: connect: permission denied

Solution: Add jenkins user to docker group by running the following set of commands:
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Saturday, 4 November 2017

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Ack (search tool) Installation On Mac

How To Install ack on Mac with Brew

Ack is a search tool similar to grep, but optimized for programmers. It is designed for programmers with large heterogeneous trees of source code. It is written purely in portable Perl 5 and takes advantage of the power of Perl's regular expressions.

To know about ack more read here: https://beyondgrep.com/

Steps for Installing Ack:
  • Get your terminal open
  • Install homebrew

    ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)" < /dev/null 2> /dev/null
  • Install ack using brew

    brew install ack
ack is ready to use now!
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